What is sea freight?
Sea freight is the most common mode of transportation used by importers and exporters. In fact, 90% of all goods are transported by sea and ocean freight. Other international freight modes (express, standard air, express air) are faster, but more expensive. Smaller shipments and high-value products often follow other models.
If ocean freight is too slow but air freight is too expensive, some freight forwarders now offer a relatively new service often called expedited freight. This service is usually almost as fast as air freight, but its cost is more like ocean freight. It works by simplifying the ocean shipping process, only combined with faster ocean shipping services and quality freight services.

Why choose sea freight over other shipping methods?
Capacity and Value – One container holds 10,000 beer bottles! And sea freight is cheaper. As a rule of thumb, any shipment weighing more than 500kg is too expensive to ship by air. For light shipments, use this chargeable weight calculator to calculate whether your shipment is chargeable by actual weight or dimensional weight.
Fewer Restrictions – International law, national laws, carrier organization regulations and individual carrier regulations all play a role in defining and limiting which cargo is considered dangerous to transport. Generally speaking, more products are restricted to air cargo rather than sea shipment, including: gases (e.g. light bulbs), all flammable items (e.g. perfume, Samsung Galaxy Note 7), toxic or corrosive items (e.g. batteries), magnets Substances (e.g. speakers), oxidants and biochemical products (e.g. chemicals) and public health risks (e.g. untanned rawhide). See the Hazardous Materials Table for more information.
Emissions – CO2 freight emissions from ocean freight are negligible compared to air freight. For example, transporting 2 tonnes over 5,000 kilometers by sea will result in 150 kilograms of CO2 emissions, compared with 6,605 kilograms for air transport, according to the study.
What is the downturn in ocean freight?
Speed – Airplanes are about 30 times faster than Ocean Express; airliners cruise at 575 miles per hour, while slow-moving ocean liners travel at 16-18 miles per hour. Therefore, air freight from China to the United States usually takes at least 20 days than sea freight.
Reliability – Port congestion, customs delays and adverse weather conditions often add more days to ocean shipping than sea freight. By far, there is more tracking technology in air freight than sea freight. This means that shipping by sea is more likely to be misplaced than by air. This is especially true when ocean shipments are smaller than container loads. That said, ocean freight is slowly becoming more reliable in order to compete with air freight.
Protection – Sea shipments are more susceptible to damage or destruction than air shipments. That’s because it takes longer in transit because the ship is more susceptible to movement. But don’t worry too much about cargo falling off the boat. Urban myth says 10,000 are lost annually, but it’s more like 546 of the 120 million containers shipped annually in beverages. Piracy is less likely. Hot spots in recent years include the Horn of Africa, the Gulf of Guinea and the Strait of Malacca. For more information about marine insurance, check out our page on cargo insurance.

Choose LCL or FCL shipping?
Ocean freight is divided into two options: a full container load (FCL) and a less than container load (LCL). With LCL, several goods are loaded into one container. This means more work for the freight forwarder, as well as additional paperwork and the physical work of consolidating the various shipments into containers before the main shipment and the shipment at the other end. This gives LCL three disadvantages over FCL:
LCL shipment takes more time than FCL shipment. The freight team usually recommends allowing an additional one to two weeks,
Increased risk of damage, dislocation and loss due to LCL.
LCL prices are higher. In the experience of freight team, the main shipping costs are approximately twice the cost per cubic meter.
If the introduction of larger cargoes is considered feasible, the tipping point for upgrading from LCL to FCL (the smallest size container is 20 feet) is approximately 15 cubic meters.

How to know the sea freight rate?
Except for extremely heavy items, most LCL shipments are priced by the number of items, not by weight.
For most products, use these rules of thumb to choose the most cost-effective model:
Goods weighing more than 500 kg become uneconomical to ship by air. The sea freight is about 50 cents/kg, and the freight between China and the United States takes about 30-40 days. At about $4 per kilogram, shipments from China to the U.S. range from 150 kilograms to 500 kilograms and can be shipped economically by air, which takes about 8 to 10 days. Express air freight is a few days faster, but more expensive. Packagings lighter than 150kg can be sent economically by express (express shipping). It is about US$6 per kilogram, and shipment from China to the United States will take about 3 days. For products with a higher value per ton shipped, use this chart. It is based on recent quotes and freight rates from the Freightos marketplace.

Common shipping charges:
Expect to see these items on your ocean freight quotes and invoices:
Customs Security Surcharge (AMS, ISF)
Container Freight Station (these are combined fees, apply for LCL only)
Terminal handling fee (charged by the Port Authority)
customs broker
Pickup and delivery
Insurance
Surcharges (fuel surcharge, handling hazardous materials, storage, etc.)
Route charges (e.g. Panama Canal, Alameda Corridor)

Are there any changes to international shipping rates?
For decades, world trade has been driven by an increasingly abundant supply of cheap products that are getting cheaper all the time. So cheap, the actual shipping cost is almost irrelevant. But since 2012, ocean freight rates have fallen dramatically – by more than 75% on some routes. Part of that is due to the collapse in oil prices, but a lot of market forces are at play. At the same time that container freight demand began to stabilize, carriers began to consume large quantities of container ships. It is estimated that demand is not expected to reach supply levels until 2022. This is bad news for ocean carriers, but good news for importers and exporters.

If you have any questions about cross-border transportation of goods, please feel free to contact us at any time:
Company Name: Shenzhen J sun Logistics Co., Ltd
Contacts: Grace
Email:Grace@logisticsalibaba.com

WECHAT NOW