Here are some of the main reasons..

Incorrect documentation causes delays
Delay due to late submission of documents
Delays due to missing documents
Delays due to customs clearance or cargo inspection
Delays due to release of goods at destination
Delay due to receiver inaccessibility

  1. Delays due to incorrect documentation
    Let’s say the bill of lading arrives at the consignee or their bank and there are differences in address details, voyage details, cargo details or freight details.

Or, for example, trade documents such as commercial invoices, certificates of origin submitted to customs at destination are incorrect and customs requires the documents to be sea freight amended before allowing the goods to be cleared.
There may be some delays through the shipping company or customs to correct the situation.
By this time, the container may have arrived at the destination port and not been cleared. Since the receiver is unable to obtain delivery orders until this incorrect documentation issue is sorted, the container may begin to incur demurrage/detention and possibly even port storage.

  1. Delays due to late submission of documents
    There may also be situations where documents required for customs clearance of goods, such as bills of lading, certificates of origin, packing lists, etc., may not reach the recipient in time. These problems are usually due to

The shipper fails to plan the original document processing process in advance and waits until the last minute to collect all documents. Delays on the part of the shipping line in issuing the bill of lading to the shipper due to various reasons…may be due to
System issues Customs clearance Export documents or port documents not received at the shipper Container loading confirmation not received from the port The shipping line has not received the freight payment from the customer, if a letter of credit is involved and the document does not reach the issuing bank (buyer) in time bank), problems with delays in receipt of documents at the designated bank (seller’s bank) usually affect shipments for short sea shipments (Oslo to Aarhus) far more than for deep sea shipments.

  1. Delays due to missing documents
    A very common question.. There are several situations where documents can get lost by the courier during transportation. Most problems can arise when the original bill of lading is lost. The original bill of lading is lost and there are several steps to be taken..
    Some of these steps may take several days to complete, especially if there is a bank guarantee. Sometimes, a customer may not have 200% or 300% of the value of the shipment required by the shipping hotline as part of it. It is guaranteed that in this case, the receiver faces a very difficult time as they cannot get released without the documents and the container may end up causing a lot of demurrage, detention and storage.
  2. Delays due to customs clearance or cargo inspection
    Let’s say, for example, that the documents are in order, the container reaches its destination, and the receiving party approaches customs to clear the goods. In all countries, the receiving party submits documents to customs providing details of the imported goods. Customs document details need to be provided along with details of the commercial invoice submitted. One of the key items of customs inspection is the HS code to ensure that the goods have been correctly classified and declared. Different HS codes attract different levels of tariffs and it is the responsibility of the recipient to ensure they declare these details correctly. Incorrect declaration of HS codes can lead not only to penalties but also to suspicion about the activities of the recipient. In any case, in most parts of the world, customs are particularly wary of the import of retail goods such as clothing, shoes, accessories, etc. Electronic products, etc. as part of WTO anti-dumping measures. It is not uncommon for these goods to be removed and inspected by customs.
    Delays due to customs inspections are very common in this situation, and there is no set time frame for how long such inspections may take. Different countries experience varying degrees of delays in customs inspections and container inspections and may incur demurrage, detention and storage…
  3. Delays due to release of goods at destination
    Reasons for demurrage and detention
    Release of cargo at destination may also be delayed due to the shipping company receiving the original bill of lading without proper endorsement on the bill of lading. This situation is very common.

For example, suppose a bill was shipped “Shipper’s Order” and the shipper did not acknowledge the original bill of lading, which was only noticed when the original bill was handed over at destination. This means that the original bill of lading must be sent back to the shipper for them to approve and ship back.

Another common reason for delays in unloading at destination is that the shipping line does not receive payment from the receiver at the destination.

This often stems from a lack of understanding of the Incoterms used for shipment by the receiver who believes that some or all of the local charges need to be paid by the shipper.

Here, the container can sit in the port/terminal waiting for customs clearance while the meter runs at demurrage, detention and/or port storage. Tick Tock Tick Tock …………. .

  1. Delay due to unreachable receiver
    Last, but not least, there is the issue that the shipping line may not have control over the consignee or notifying party mentioned on the bill of lading. In most cases, the shipment may have been abandoned by the shipper, receiver, or both, but the shipping line was not informed or notified of this..

The shipping line still believes that someone will collect the release of the cargo based on the cargo arrival notification that has been sent to the notifying party. In many of these cases, no one claims the cargo at destination, and the shipping line assumes the freight forwarder’s liability for uncleared, unclaimed, and/or abandoned cargo as well as the situation including demurrage, detention, and/or all charges. Not uncommon. Port storage thus incurred.
So, when you and your freight forwarder start transporting your goods, please check the relevant documents to avoid goods being detained at the port. If you have prepared some documents that may be new, please share the information and the details of the documents and their reasons for the benefit of all documents.

If you have any questions about cross-border transportation of goods, please feel free to contact us at any time:
Company Name: Shenzhen J sun Logistics Co., Ltd
Contacts: Grace