In international trade, transport documents take different forms due to different trade methods, such as ocean bills of lading, sea freight waybills, air freight waybills, railway waybills, cargo transportation receipts and multimodal transport documents.
In foreign trade, the bill of lading is a document issued to the shipper by the transportation department when transporting goods. The consignee takes delivery of the goods to the transportation department of the freight destination with the bill of lading. The bill of lading must be signed by the carrier or ship before it can take effect. The bill of lading is one of the valid documents for declaration of seaborne goods to the customs.

  1. Place of Receipt
    Place of Receipt, sometimes also called Port of Receiving – refers to the place where the carrier receives the goods from the shipper, usually somewhere inland, especially at an inland port. For example, Shijiazhuang is an inland port of Tianjin Port. If the carrier starts receiving goods from Shijiazhuang, the Place of Receipt column on the bill of lading should be filled with Shijiazhuang instead of Tianjin. This is the place of delivery.
  2. Port of Loading
    Port of Loading abbreviated as POL – refers to the port of loading, usually the coastal port of the country of origin. For example, in the above example, the goods are loaded at Tianjin Port, so the Port of Loading column on the bill of lading should be filled with Tianjin. Shipment includes shipment at the origin port and shipment at the transit port. The transit port can also be said to be POL. The so-called transshipment refers to unloading the goods or containers at the transshipment port and loading them onto another ship for continued transportation. The transportation from the departure port to the transit port is called the first leg, and the transportation from the transit port to the destination port is called the onward journey.
  3. Port of Discharge Port of Discharge referred to as POD – refers to the port where the ship is unloaded, usually a coastal port in the destination country. For example, in the above example, the goods are received in Shijiazhuang and loaded at Tianjin Port. If the ship is unloaded in New York, then New York is the POD. Note: If there is a transfer, such as a transfer in Pusan, South Korea, then Busan is also called POD.
  4. Place of Delivery
    Place of Delivery is sometimes called Port of Delivery or Port of Destination – refers to the port or location of final delivery. If the final delivery place is a port, then it can be said to be Port of Delivery. If the final delivery place is not a port but an inland point, especially in sea-land combined transportation, then it is best to say Place of Delivery. place of delivery), which is more clear.
    Generally speaking, Port of Discharge refers to the port of unloading, and Place of Delivery refers to the place of delivery. Unloading does not necessarily mean delivery. If it is a CY-CY clause, unloading at the destination port means delivery. At this time, Port of Discharge and Place of Delivery are the same. For example, the pictures at the beginning, Port of Discharge and Place of Delivery, are both “RIGA” in Riga.
    In sea-land combined transport, these two divisions are relatively clear, such as:
    Port of Discharge: USLAX (Los Angeles, CA) – Discharge port in Los Angeles, California, USA.
    Place of Delivery: USDEN (Denver, CO) – Destination Denver, Colorado, United States.
    The above is a typical sea-land combined transport: first arrive in Los Angeles by sea, and then transfer to land transport (rail or road) to reach Denver, Colorado, an inland city in the United States.
    It should be noted that because there are so many cities in the United States with the same name, when talking about a certain city in the United States, the state name is usually added. For example, the above CA is the abbreviation of California (California), and CO is the abbreviation of Colorado (Colorado), otherwise it is easy to get confused!

In actual business, what issues should be paid attention to when handling bills of lading?

  1. According to trade customs, under normal circumstances, a bill of lading will be issued in three originals and three copies, commonly known as a full set of bills of lading. However, when delivering goods at the port of destination, you only need to present any one of the original bills of lading to pick up the goods, and then the other copies will automatically be issued. void.
    Therefore, customers should properly keep and handle the original bill of lading, especially when mailing, they should mail it in batches to prevent it from being lost during mailing.
  2. Be careful when accepting a named bill of lading under normal trade, because a named bill of lading can only be picked up by the consignee specified in the consignee column of the bill of lading, and cannot be endorsed and transferred. According to the legal practice of the United States and some countries, under a named bill of lading, the carrier The goods can be delivered to the consignee without the original bill of lading, so the shipper should handle it carefully to avoid payment disputes.
  3. Handle loaned bills of lading, reversed bills of lading and unclean bills of lading with care. In order to comply with the provisions of the letter of credit, the shipper issues a letter of guarantee to instruct the carrier to lend the bill of lading, reverse the bill of lading, or change the unclean bill of lading to a clean bill of lading.
    In short, ocean bill of lading requires cargo owners and sellers to pay more attention to it. If it is lost, many disputes and troubles will arise.

If you have any questions about cross-border transportation of goods, please feel free to contact us at any time:
Company Name: Shenzhen J sun Logistics Co., Ltd
Contacts: Grace